Although communication professionals in the U.S. and Canada agree fake news has become one of today’s most prominent issues, few organizations have systems or tools to spot or respond to fake news stories, a new survey reveals.
More than half of surveyed professionals (57.7%) pay attention to the on-going debate about fake news, according to the North American Communication Monitor (NACM), sponsored by the Plank Center for Leadership in Public Relations. About two-thirds say the topic is much-debated in their country. Despite the high levels of awareness and attention to the debate about fake news, the relevance of fake news to the professionals’ daily work and their concern about it are generally low.
A substantial percentage of respondents (42.6%) say their organizations mainly rely on individual competencies and experience to identify fake news. Few organizations have in place policies, technical systems and processes to detect and manage fake news and misinformation. Organizations that have been affected by fake news are far more likely to implement formal guidelines and routines, install technology systems or say they’re currently working on plans to deal with the issue.
Affected by Fake News – Some More than Once
Two out of 10 respondents indicate their organizations were affected by fake news. Governmental organizations tend to be more affected by fake news, with 20.9% being affected multiple times and 10.1% being affected once.
Not surprisingly, social media networks are the main source of misleading content (80.3%), followed by traditional mass media (54.1%). The content and focus of fake news tend to be related to products and/or services (51.8%), organizations and/or brands (49.5%), or individuals (44.5%).
Most organizations continue to explore a process for responding to fake news, but about 30.0% of surveyed communication professionals believe being prepared to identify fake news is not a necessity for their organizations.
PR experts warn that it could be only a matter of time before fake news or misinformation impacts organizations. A fake news story might accuse large corporations, a small business or nonprofit organization of criminal, immoral or bizarre behavior at any time. A major danger is that fake news, also called false news, junk news or misinformation, spreads much faster on social media than accurate news reports from reputable trusted news sites.
PR and crisis management experts urge organizations to monitor social media, online news sources, and particularly sites known to publish fictional news for mentions of their brands and products. Organizations that add fake news reports to their crisis communications plans will be more likely to survive fake news reports with reputations intact.
Other Major Findings
Other major findings of the survey include: Top communication leaders are involved in organizational decision making, but that power is not shared with those lower in the hierarchy, especially women. Nearly half of the organizations (46.3%) do not share decision making with employees or members.
The major threat to job engagement is a lack of performance feedback and recognition, with a significant gender gap.
Everyone is stressed, but the sources of work stress vary. Top communication leaders are most stressed by information overload, team leaders by work overload, and team members by their lack of opportunity for growth and advancement. Women are most stressed by lack of advancement opportunities and heavy workload. Men are most stressed by information overload and being constantly available via email, text and phone.
Women and men rate their social media and knowledge management skills differently. Women are more confident about delivering messages via social media (68.8%), identifying social media trends (55.7%), and setting up social media platforms (51.2%). Men are more confident of their understanding of the legal framework for social media (38.0%) and using algorithms to run analytics (35.7%).
Bottom Line: Although many North American communications professionals avidly follow he debate about fake news, many say their organization lacks sophisticated fake news monitoring tools or procedures for responding to fake news attacks. That level of unpreparedness may change as more organizations see themselves mentioned in made-up or malicious news reports.
William J. Comcowich founded and served as CEO of CyberAlert LLC, the predecessor of Glean.info. He is currently serving as Interim CEO and member of the Board of Directors. Glean.info provides customized media monitoring, media measurement and analytics solutions across all types of traditional and social media.